NEST is due to launch in April 2011 and it’s high time that we got some answers on a key question
just how are NEST pensions going to be paid?
There are two options available to the Trustees.
- People can be given the option to buy an open market annuity or – if they have the means – drawdown from their accumulated funds – of which their NEST account may form a part
- People can be paid an income from their accumulated NEST account – “A Scheme Pension”
This is what the Pension Regulator has to say about Scheme Pensions.
A pension is paid by the trustees direct from the scheme. An actuary calculates how much pension could be provided directly from the scheme using the member’s money purchase fund and a scheme annuity rate chosen by the trustees.
There is a risk that the member (or dependant) outlives the scheme retirement savings, ie the pension has to be paid for longer than the trustees anticipated when the annuity rate was determined.
Spot on! Few trustees of DC occupational pension schemes are going to offer Scheme Pensions – there is too much risk – insufficient accumulated capital and no apparatus to do so.
NEST, which will be an occupational scheme will be different. NEST will be accumulating pensions for upwards of 5 million people. The vast majority of money will accumulate in target dated funds which will mature at set dates. A conservative estimate suggests that the target dated funds will mature with over £250,000,000 from 2020 onwards. Once the scheme has reached maturity, the target dated funds will be worth upwards of £1,000,000,000. Each year, hundreds of thousand of us will be drawing pensions from NEST.
NEST is likely to be so different in terms of its economics from the typical occupational DC scheme of today that Scheme Pensions are not only an attractive option THEY ARE THE ONLY OPTION.
Firstly, there is no way that a conventional annuity option will work
- There is not market capacity to support conventional “insured annuities” from NEST
- There is no infrastructure necessary to support a viable annuity broking service to support an open market option
- There is insufficient financial awareness among the UK public for the Open Market Option to operate and there is no default annuity option
- Conventional annuities give poor value to those with small pots.
- There seems to be no appetite from Government to underwrite a default annuity option (though the apparatus for doing so is there).
On a more positive note, there is every reason for NEST to pay pensions from these target date funds.
- NEST is a nationwide scheme that is ultimately underwritten by the UK taxpayer. It is capable of taking risk because it has recourse to the covenant of the UK taxpayer, past , present and future.
- NEST, as mentioned above, has sufficient funds arising each year to afford , apply and manage the complex risk management techniques successfully used by large DB plans.
- The time horizons of the payments (cash flows) from the accumulated DC target date funds are long – we currently assume that a substantial proportion of those of us living to 65 will live to 100. Annuitising (either individually or on a bulk basis involves an inappropriate investment strategy for such a timeframe).
- The logistical issues surrounding paying pensions from the fund are within the scope of NEST’s administrators, especially if they were to work with the UK Government’s existing pension payment agency (who pay our state pensions).
With less than six months till the launch of NEST, I find the reticence of the NEST Corporation to make any statement on how NEST pensions will be paid, to be at least, surprising.
Since the payment of Scheme Pensions would require the target dated funds to remain invested in NEST for many decades, Scheme Pensions would form as important a part of NEST’s function as the pre-retirement phase of its operation.
That we have spent no time discussing the deaccumulation of NEST funds is a scandal. It is time for this subject to be put on the public agenda – if it is not, then NEST should be branded a half-baked project.
- New national pension scheme gets the go-ahead (confused.com)
- New govt pension scheme could be risky for savers (confused.com)
- Retire like you’ve got a pension (theglobeandmail.com)
- How pension firms can cut your income by 33pc (telegraph.co.uk)
- The workplace pension changes that affect you (confused.com)
Henry, another interesting post. In your second set of bullets, number 1 of 4 is precisely what worries me: precedent seems to suggest that the fall-back of the supposedly bottomless-pit-of-generosity that is the taxpayers’ collective pocket leads to sloppy accounting, poor decisions and ultimately testing the depth of those pockets.
The size of NEST does not in itself eliminate the risk of members outliving the funds available although it does presumably provide greater scope for making adjustments.
In your first set of bullets, the lack of infrastructure in point 2 of 5 surely doesn’t preclude building it. Mightn’t this provide a bit of competition to ensure that the scheme administrator was balancing its calculations so as to be neither too conservative nor overly sanguine?
Certainly I agree with your 3rd of 5 bullets: the widespread failure to take up the open market option is a national pension issue. If NEST is to enable payment of benefits via annuity purchase, OMO needs to mean open market *obligation*. My concern about this helped inspire http://sipphound.wordpress.com/2010/11/20/drawdown-who-doesnt-know-what-they-are-doing/ (I hope you’ll forgive the plug!)
Ultimately, I think you’re right: NEST should offer a scheme pension. I’m not (yet) convinced it’s the *only* option but I am convinced we should know the answer to how benefits are going to be paid from a scheme which will come into effect in April!
I think NEST will impact on the pensions scene far more widely than many realise and you have highlighted how the annuity scene will be changed by NEST. What if NEST went even further and became a clearing house for all accumulated DC pots. If government is not issuing sufficient bonds for the private sector to efficiently manage de-accumulation then let the government have the funds and pay pensions instead of debt interest, or is this naive? I cannot see that the taxpayer is any more exposed than at present with PAYG liabilities for public service pensions and state pensions, and it is only the longevity risk for which there is exposure.
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Great article – totally makes sense. I’m in favour of target retirement funds to DEATH not just ‘retirement date’; scheme pension for all NEST members; bulk annuitisation from open market.
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